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ICSE Chemistry Class X Important Papers By M. P. Keshari

Chemistry - Hydrogen Chloride (Solved)

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Q.1. (i) What must be added to sodium chloride to obtain hydrogen chloride. Write the equation for the reaction.

(ii) Write the equation for the preparation of hydrogen chloride from sodium chloride and sulphuric acid. State whether the sulphuric acid should be concentrated or dilute.

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Q.2. (i) Hydrogen chloride dissolves in water forming an acidic solution. Name the experiment which demonstrates that hydrogen chloride is very soluble in water.

(ii) Name the experiment illustrated by the figure given.

Fig. [page – 174 TB]

(a) Which property of hydrogen chloride is demonstrated by this experiment.

(b) State the colour of the water that has entered the round-bottomed flask.

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Q.3. (i) What would you see when hydrogen chloride mixes with ammonia.

(ii) Write the equation for the reaction of hydrogen chloride with ammonia.

(iii) From the following gases – NH3, Cl2, HCl, SO2, select the gas that matches the description given below and answer the questions that follow : When gas C is mixed with gas B, dense white fumes are seen and there is no other product [gas B turns moist red litmus paper blue]. (a) What is the name of gas C. (b) What is the name of the product of the reaction between gas B and gas C.

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Q.4. (i) From the following list of substances – ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate, chlorine, dilute hydrochloric acid, iron, lead nitrate, manganese [IV] oxide, silver nitrate, sodium nitrate, Sulphur – choose two compounds whose aq. solution give white precipitate with dil. HCl.

(ii) Hydrogen chloride dissolves in water forming an acidic solution. Give three distinct tests [apart from using an indicator] you would carry out with this solution to illustrate the typical properties of an acid.

(iii) Write the equation for the equation for the reaction of hydrochloric acid with lead nitrate solution.

(iv) Write balanced chemical equation for the reaction of dilute hydrochloric acid with (a) copper oxide (b) zinc (c) calcium bicarbonate.

(v) A solution of hydrogen chloride in water is prepared. The following substances are added to separate portions of the solution :

S. No.

Substances added

Gas evolved



Calcium carbonate




Magnesium ribbon




Manganese (IV) oxide with heating




Sodium sulphide



Complete the table by writing the gas evolved in each case and its odour.

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Q.5. (i) Write the for the reaction of hydrochloric acid with manganese (IV) oxide.

(ii)Name the lead compound that can be used to oxidize hydrogen chloride to chlorine.

(iii) Manganese (IV) oxide, lead (IV) oxide and red lead [Pb3O4] react with conc. HCl liberating chlorine. (a) What is the common property being shown by these metal oxides. (b) Write the equation for the reaction of conc. HCl with Pb3O4.

(iv) Write balanced equations for the reaction of manganese (IV) oxide and concentrated hydrochloric acid.

(v) Select the correct compound from the list – Ammonia, Copper oxide, Copper sulphate, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen sulphide, Lead bromide – which matches with the description given below : This compound can be oxidized to chlorine. 

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Q.6. (i) State what you observe when silver nitrate solution is added to dilute hydrochloric acid.

(ii) From the gases – ammonia, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen sulphide, Sulphur dioxide – Select the following : The gas which gives a white ppt. when reacted with AgNO3 soln. acidified with dilute nitric acid.  

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Prepared By Mr. M. P. Keshari [ For Further Enquiry 09434150289]


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